“Hydrogen buses have better endurance than electric vehicles. I don’t have to worry about how much power is left on the bus all day, and the speed of hydrogen refueling is similar to that of refueling. It can be done within 10 minutes, instead of waiting for hours.” In early July, “This Weekly” During an actual visit to Ulsan, South Korea’s hydrogen demonstration city, a middle-aged driver counted the benefits of hydrogen while driving a hydrogen bus.
South Korea, Japan, Europe, and Australia can all see hydrogen energy buses shuttle. Although the operating cost of hydrogen energy buses is at least 6 times higher than that of electric buses, governments and industry players in various countries are still willing to spend a lot of money to target the hydrogen industry. The reason is the huge business opportunities behind it. Hydrogen is now seen as a key solution to net zero carbon emissions. The potential output value of global hydrogen energy-related applications is estimated to reach US$1 trillion in 2050, which is about NT$30 trillion.
This wave of hydrogen energy competition in South Korea can be said to be a representative of “last come first”. During the three years of the epidemic, the South Korean government has given full support to the hydrogen energy industry. Up to now, there have been more than 280 hydrogen energy buses on the road, and nearly 250 hydrogen refueling stations. The NEXO car, the public wants to buy it, and the government directly helps you pay a third of it, making the number of listings break through the scale of 30,000 vehicles in one fell swoop, becoming the first class of international hydrogen energy.
“Whoever wins hydrogen energy wins the world!” Li Shunqin, chairman of CNPC, said firmly. “Taiwan is far behind. We cannot see the taillights of South Korea’s cars, but at least we must see other people’s car lights first. Therefore, the government’s attitude is very important. Policies, regulations, and rules of the game must be formulated before everyone can follow them.”
Taiwan’s hydrogen energy policy is relatively bullish. Li Hanyu, head of the Ulsan Science Park Energy Technology Support Team, said: “If you don’t speed up, Taiwan’s future hydrogen energy supply chain can only rely on South Korea.”
Looking at the world, including Japan’s Toyota Motor, South Korea’s Hyundai Motor, Germany’s Mercedes-Benz, etc., their hydrogen-energy buses have begun mass production, and they have even begun to hit the roads in various countries; back to Taiwan, in addition to the domestic hydrogen-energy bus depots who have to catch up, the passenger transport industry It is even more urgent to introduce hydrogen buses.
“The government requires that passenger transport operators have to fully electrify by 2030. There are only seven years left. I am as anxious as a spark. Judging from the current progress, hydrogen buses are the only solution.” Li Jianwen, general manager of Capital Passenger Transport, raised his voice: ” Operation management, electric buses are already facing many problems!”
The Capital Passenger Transport Group has a total of 449 operating routes, including urban buses, national highway passenger transport and tourist buses, etc., with a total of 4,200 vehicles. It is the most in Taiwan. Li Jianwen has no choice but to say that Capital Bus is actively promoting electric buses, but the charging site alone is not enough. “A fuel bus needs 20 pings, and an electric bus needs 30 pings to install charging piles. Now the land cost is high, and the site is the first. a problem that will come up.”
Furthermore, uneven regional power distribution is also troublesome. Taking Taipei City as an example, Zhongshan, Songshan, Neihu, and Nangang are power supply bottleneck areas. Some stations can only supply power at night. , “However, Neihu bus station is the most densely populated place. If the power supply cannot be supplied all day, how will the passenger transport industry use electric vehicles in an all-round way?”
Lin Guanghe, Assistant Manager of Fucheng Passenger Transport, also said, “The endurance of electric buses is not as good as expected, which further leads to scheduling problems. Everyone is looking forward to introducing hydrogen energy as soon as possible.”
Li Jianwen said: “The passenger transport industry needs to introduce more options for new energy vehicles, such as hydrogen buses, and start with the most crowded and most difficult routes, so that demonstrations are meaningful.”
Wan Haopeng, deputy director of the Green Energy Institute of the Industrial Technology Research Institute, said: “Hydrogen energy vehicles operate through hydrogen power generation, and are actually a type of electric vehicle.” The weight of hydrogen energy batteries is only 1% of electric vehicle batteries. Not only is the endurance better, but the hydrogenation time is also shorter. It only takes about 10 minutes. “Therefore, there is a basic consensus internationally that cars may still be dominated by electric vehicles in the future, but buses, buses, and long-distance transport trucks will be dominated by hydrogen vehicles.”