Pompeii was a Roman city located near Naples, in the Campania region of Italy. Pompeii, along with the Roman city of Herculaneum, were buried under 4-6 meters of volcanic ash and pumice during the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD.
Archaeologists from the Pompeii Archaeological Park have resumed excavations at Roman Pompeii as part of a major research project, uncovering new details about the life of the city, which was buried during a volcanic eruption in AD 79. HeritageDaily writes about new research .
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The eruption of Vesuvius ejected a deadly cloud of hot tephra and gases to a height of 33 km, spewing molten rock, fine pumice and hot ash at a speed of 1.5 million tons per second, resulting in the release of 100,000 times more thermal energy during the bombardment of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
As part of a new research project, a team of archaeologists, archaeobotanists, numismatic volcanologists, ancient topographers, as well as architects, engineers and geologists, under the leadership of the Pompeii Archaeological Park, is excavating a large area of 3,200 square meters. m.
Gabriel Zuchtrigel, director of the project, said: “Excavating at Pompeii is a huge responsibility and a unique operation. Therefore, we must document and analyze each find and all stratigraphic relationships, and immediately think about how to secure and restore what we find” .
The team has already begun to uncover the masonry of the upper floors of the ancient buildings. This includes a house first explored in 1912, later converted into a fulonica (Roman laundry) and containing an oven in the upper chamber.
A number of pits found at the upper stratigraphic levels are indicative of agricultural use of the land, or it may be related to lapilli mining activities in the modern era.
Until recently, this area was used to grow various crops, and rural buildings, woodlands and farmhouse greenhouses were still there until 2015.