Science and Technology Daily reporter Liu Yin
On February 15, the release of the national innovative city monitoring and evaluation report and the expert consultation meeting were held in Beijing. Evaluation Report 2022″. The results of the national innovative city innovation capability evaluation show that the top 10 cities are: Shenzhen, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Xi’an, Suzhou, Changsha, Hefei and Qingdao. Shenzhen ranked first for four consecutive times. However, Nanjing, Wuhan, and Xi’an have further narrowed the gap with Shenzhen by virtue of their advantages in enriching scientific and educational resources
The reporter learned that by the end of 2022, the Ministry of Science and Technology has supported a total of 103 cities (districts) in building national innovative cities and playing an important role in the construction of innovative countries. 103 innovative cities account for 51% of the country’s population, gather 85% of the country’s R&D funding and 72% of local financial technology investment, cultivate 85% of the country’s high-tech enterprises, and generate 81% of the country’s high-tech enterprise revenue , covering 67% of the country’s GDP.
The report pointed out that the national innovative cities have been persistently exploring innovative development paths with their own characteristics, and formed a group of strategic fulcrums for self-reliance and self-improvement in science and technology, the main force of high-quality development, Chinese samples of livable cities, pioneering areas of innovation and governance modernization, and the importance of a dual-cycle pattern. hub.
This year marks the fourth publication of the series of reports. Due to data availability and comparability between cities and districts, the writing team only evaluated the innovation capabilities of 97 prefecture-level and sub-provincial-level national innovative cities. “According to the spirit of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the latest changes in the government’s statistical system, the report adjusted some indicators, adding indicators such as the number of students in general colleges and universities per 10,000 people, and the number of high-level scientific and technological talents.” China Institute of Scientific and Technological Information Zhao Zhiyun, secretary of the party committee, said that this is to guide the city to integrate education, science and technology, and human resources, and promote them in an integrated manner, so as to form a strategic support for the construction of an innovative city.
The report also released the Top 100 National Cities for Innovation Capabilities. The results show that Beijing and Shanghai are firmly on the top of the list, and there are more cities in Sulu, Zhejiang and Guangdong, with 12, 12, 10 and 8 cities respectively. The innovation and development of cities in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces are relatively balanced, and the ranking rate exceeds 90%.
It is worth noting that the combined GDP of the top 100 cities exceeds 68 trillion yuan (accounting for 67% of the country’s total), and Beijing and Shanghai exceed 3 trillion yuan. The sum of social research and development expenditures in the top 100 cities exceeds 2 trillion yuan (accounting for 86% of the country’s total), of which Beijing exceeds 200 billion yuan, and Shenzhen and Shanghai exceed 100 billion yuan.
The report also mentioned that among the 103 national innovative cities (districts), 15 cities with relatively scarce innovation resources are not on the top 100 list, and most of these cities are located in underdeveloped areas. “The less developed the region, the more it is necessary to implement an innovation-driven development strategy.” The report writing team believes that these cities need to increase their scientific and technological innovation capabilities through “east-west linkage” and “north-south interaction”.
It is reported that the report writing team also sorted out and condensed the good practices of the country’s innovative cities in recent years, forming 55 typical experiences of innovative development. For example, the Zhongguancun National Independent Innovation Demonstration Zone in Beijing has explored the formation of the Zhongguancun practice of “revealing the list and taking command”; Guangzhou has implemented a “negative list” for the use of funds for new R&D institutions, and 78 provincial-level new R&D institutions have incubated and established more than a thousand companies.
During the meeting, the participating experts also discussed how to give full play to the leading and exemplary role of national innovative cities in the journey of Chinese-style modernization. Wu Jiaxi, deputy director of the Department of Achievement Transformation and Regional Innovation of the Ministry of Science and Technology, said that the next step is to carefully study and absorb the opinions and suggestions of experts, focus on promoting Chinese-style modernization, plan in-depth development positioning and ideas for innovative cities, and further develop high-level potential and detailed planning. Management, better service, bigger network, stronger brand, promote the work of innovative cities to a new level, and create a city model that supports technological innovation and leads Chinese-style modernization.