Astronomers have found that the rotation of Jupiter does not affect the solar cycles
Solar cycles are not related to the rotation of Jupiter. This is reported by TASS with reference to the astronomers of the SAI MSU.
This conclusion was made when analyzing the rotation of exoplanets and its effects on stars in other solar systems. It is known that the activity of the Sun changes during the 11-year cycle. However, some astronomers suspect that this pattern may have broken during the current and past cycles, as scientists observed too few sunspots and flares. Modern science has no explanation for this phenomenon, as one of the possible reasons considered the gravitational influence of the giant planets.
To test this hypothesis, astronomers studied the fluctuations in activity of a large number of stars that have recently discovered exoworlds, studied the orbits of these planets, and calculated the force with which their gravity acts on the parent stars.
In total, astronomers managed to obtain this information for two dozen similar star systems, including Tau Ceti, Epsilon Eridani 51 Pegasi. Some worlds near these luminaries, as scientists found, acted on the stars several orders of magnitude stronger than Jupiter, while other planets had almost no gravitational effect on the luminaries.
Despite such differences in the strength of the gravitational influence of exoplanets on parent luminaries, scientists have not been able to record a single clearly defined case that the presence of a large and close to the star exoplanet was the main driving reason for the start of activity cycles. In many cases, the cycles of rotation of the giant planet did not coincide at all with the periods of fluctuations in stellar activity.
Earlier, a giant prominence was filmed near the north pole of the Sun.